Purpose of the study: To provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) both ability and courage of a bystander are needed. Studies in adults suggest lack of courage to start CPR as a threshold for many bystanders of a circulatory arrest. The study at hand, done in secondary school students, investigated both requirements, as self-perceived, before start of a CPR training.
Materials and methods: A total of 3844 school students of seven schools in the Dutch province of Limburg participated in a Meuse–Rhine Euregion CPR training program EMuRgency. A thirty items questionnaire regarding self-perceived ability and courage was completed before start of CPR training by 3825 students.
Results: Demographic variables included: mean age: 14.6 (SD: 1.5), male: 48.6%, educational level being divided as: 1. preparatory vocational training (7%), 2. higher level education (43%), 3. preparatory scholarly education (32%), 4. gymnasium (18%). Of the whole group 67.5% felt sufficiently courageous but only 32.4% felt able to provide CPR. Perceived courage increased at higher educational levels 1: 59%, 2: 69%, 3: 66%, 4: 70% (p = .008). However perceived ability decreased: 1: 47%, 2: 36%, 3: 29%, 4: 25% (p = .000). No differences were found related to gender or study year.
Conclusions: Before a CPR training the self-perceived courage of secondary school students to provide CPR is higher than their self-perceived ability, results depend on school type. These findings are of relevance when considering resuscitation programs in secondary schools.
Publication: Resuscitation 2014, ERC Symposium on Guidelines: Abstract Presentations